Richard Green,†September 2004
Economists know how to calculate optimal prices for electricity transmission. These are rarely applied in practice. This paper develops a thirteen node model of the transmission system in England and Wales, incorporating losses and transmission constraints. It is solved with optimal prices, and with uniform prices for demand and for generation, re-dispatching when needed to take account of transmission constraints. Moving from uniform prices to optimal nodal prices could raise welfare by 1.5% of the generatorsí revenues, and would be less vulnerable to market power. It would also send better investment signals, but create politically sensitive regional gains and losses.