Diego Rodriguez and Thomas M. Stoker, June 1992
This paper presents a simple regression test of parametric and semiparametric index models against more general semiparametric and nonparametric alternative models. The test is based on the regression coefficient of the restricted model residuals on the fitted values of the more general model. A goodness-of-fit interpretation is given to the regression coefficient, where the variance of the coefficient is adjusted for the use of nonparametric estimators. An asymptotic theory is developed for the situation where kernel estimators are used to estimate unknown regression functions, and the variance adjustment terms are given for this case. The methods are applied to the empirical problem of characterizing environmental effects on housing prices in the Boston Housing data, where a partial index model is found to be preferable to a standard log-linear equation, yet not rejected against general nonparametric regression. Various issues in the asymptotic theory and other features of the test are discussed.