Utility of the Future

A comprehensive, multi-year study addressing the technology, policy, and business models shaping the evolution of the delivery of electricity services. It will examine several possible scenarios of the future of the electricity sector in order to inform utilities, regulators, policy makers, and new market actors attempting to navigate a rapidly changing industry. The study is coordinated by the MIT Energy Initiative (MITei) and co-chaired by CEEPR Visiting Professor José Ignacio Pérez-Arriaga and CEEPR Faculty Director Christopher Knittel. For more information, please visit the project website.


A joint initiative of University of California at Berkeley, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Chicago focused on understanding the energy efficiency gap. Methodologically, it relies on randomized experiments and other state-of-the-art evaluation strategies to measure and enhance the impact of energy efficiency initiatives and understand the difference between what is technically possible and what is practically achievable for energy efficiency in a wide variety of settings. CEEPR’s Christopher Knittel is one of the Faculty Directors of the E2e project. For more information, please visit the project website.