Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 127, pp. 131
Thomas M. Stoker, Ernst R. Berndt, A. Denny Ellerman, and Susanne M. Schennach, Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 127, pp. 131–164, (2005)
We analyze labor productivity in coal mining in the United States using indices of productivity change associated with the concepts of panel data modeling. This approach is valuable when there is extensive heterogeneity in production units, as with coal mines. We find substantial returns to scale for coal mining in all geographical regions, and find that smooth technical progress is exhibited by estimates of the fixed effects for coal mining. We carry out a variety of diagnostic analyses of our basic model and primary modeling assumptions, using recently proposed methods for addressing ‘errors-in-variables’ and ‘weak instrument bias’ problems in linear and nonlinear models.